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Línea de Comando

CLEOS#

Cleos es una herramienta de línea de comandos que interactúa con la API REST expuesta por nodeos. Los desarrolladores también pueden usar cleos para implementar y probar contratos inteligentes EOSIO.

Instalación#

cleos se distribuye como parte de EOSIO. Para instalar cleos siga las instrucciones descritas en la sección de Instalación de software EOSIO.

Como utilizar Cleos#

Para usar cleos, necesita el dominio o dirección IP (y número de puerto) de una instancia de nodeos en ejecución. La instancia de nodeos debe configurarse para cargar eosio :: chain_api_plugin cuando se inicia. Esto permite que nodeos responda a las solicitudes de RPC que provienen de cleos.

Comando Cleos#

Ver referencia completa de comandos en el siguiente enlace a Documentación Cleos

Para obtener una lista de todos los comandos cleos, ejecute:

cleos --help
Command Line Interface to EOSIO Client
Usage: cleos [OPTIONS] SUBCOMMAND
Options:
-h,--help Print this help message and exit
-u,--url TEXT=http://127.0.0.1:8888/
the http/https URL where nodeos is running
--wallet-url TEXT=unix:///Users/username/eosio-wallet/keosd.sock
the http/https URL where keosd is running
-r,--header pass specific HTTP header; repeat this option to pass multiple headers
-n,--no-verify don't verify peer certificate when using HTTPS
--no-auto-keosd don't automatically launch a keosd if one is not currently running
-v,--verbose output verbose errors and action console output
--print-request print HTTP request to STDERR
--print-response print HTTP response to STDERR
Subcommands:
version Retrieve version information
create Create various items, on and off the blockchain
convert Pack and unpack transactions
get Retrieve various items and information from the blockchain
set Set or update blockchain state
transfer Transfer tokens from account to account
net Interact with local p2p network connections
wallet Interact with local wallet
sign Sign a transaction
push Push arbitrary transactions to the blockchain
multisig Multisig contract commands
wrap Wrap contract commands
system Send eosio.system contract action to the blockchain.

Subcomandos de Cleos#

Para obtener ayuda con cualquier subcomando en particular, ejecute cleos SUBCOMMAND --help. Por ejemplo:

cleos create --help
Create various items, on and off the blockchain
Usage: cleos create SUBCOMMAND
Subcommands:
key Create a new keypair and print the public and private keys
account Create a new account on the blockchain
(assumes system contract does not restrict RAM usage)

cleos también puede proporcionar ayuda para uso de subcomandos dentro de subcomandos. Por ejemplo:

cleos create account --help
Create a new account on the blockchain (assumes system contract does not restrict RAM usage)
Usage: cleos create account [OPTIONS] creator name OwnerKey [ActiveKey]
Positionals:
creator TEXT The name of the account creating the new account (required)
name TEXT The name of the new account (required)
OwnerKey TEXT The owner public key or permission level for the new account (required)
ActiveKey TEXT The active public key or permission level for the new account
Options:
-h,--help Print this help message and exit
-x,--expiration set the time in seconds before a transaction expires, defaults to 30s
-f,--force-unique force the transaction to be unique. this will consume extra bandwidth and remove any protections against accidently issuing the same transaction multiple times
-s,--skip-sign Specify if unlocked wallet keys should be used to sign transaction
-j,--json print result as json
--json-file TEXT save result in json format into a file
-d,--dont-broadcast don't broadcast transaction to the network (just print to stdout)
--return-packed used in conjunction with --dont-broadcast to get the packed transaction
-r,--ref-block TEXT set the reference block num or block id used for TAPOS (Transaction as Proof-of-Stake)
--use-old-rpc use old RPC push_transaction, rather than new RPC send_transaction
-p,--permission TEXT ... An account and permission level to authorize, as in '[email protected]' (defaults to '[email protected]')
--max-cpu-usage-ms UINT set an upper limit on the milliseconds of cpu usage budget, for the execution of the transaction (defaults to 0 which means no limit)
--max-net-usage UINT set an upper limit on the net usage budget, in bytes, for the transaction (defaults to 0 which means no limit)
--delay-sec UINT set the delay_sec seconds, defaults to 0s

Ejemplo de cleos#

El siguiente comando cleos crea una billetera local llamada mibilletera y muestra la contraseña en la pantalla:

cleos wallet create -n mibilletera --to-console
Creating wallet: mibilletera
Save password to use in the future to unlock this wallet.
Without password imported keys will not be retrievable.
"PW5JbF34UdA193Eps1bjrWVJRaNMt1VKddLn4Dx6SPVTfMDRnMBWN"
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